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3 Reasons Women Are More Likely Than Men To Develop Dry Eye

3 Reasons Women Are More Likely Than Men To Develop Dry Eye 640Did you know that women are more likely than men to experience symptoms of dry eye syndrome (DES)? In fact, women represent about 6 out of 10 diagnosed cases of DES worldwide. This is due to several factors, 3 of which we’ll outline below.

If you aren’t familiar with DES, this eye condition refers to a chronic lack of ocular moisture that causes uncomfortable symptoms like red, burning, itchy, watery eyes. Left untreated, DES can damage the cornea.

Usually, DES is caused by insufficient tears or poor quality tears, but can also be precipitated by allergies, environmental factors, hormones and even certain medications. If you or anyone in your family suffers from DES, speak with Dr. David Mark, Dr. Moshe Mendelson, Dr. Jesley Johnson, Dr. Jackson Lau and Dr. Kevin Wu at Silicon Valley Eye Physicians, who can help ease your dry eye symptoms

3 Reasons Why Women Are Prone to Dry Eye Syndrome

1. Cosmetic Use

Makeup, skincare items, and hair styling products can all drastically effect onyour eyes. Women who wear makeup—especially eye makeup like mascara and eyeliner—are more likely to develop dry eye symptoms due to their sometimes irritating contents. Makeup and other cosmetics may include chemicals that, when in contact with the eye, can reduce the eye’s tear film and cause tears to evaporate too quickly.

Eyeliner and mascara may also block the tiny oil-secreting glands on the margins of the eyelids. Oil is an essential component of tears, as it reduces eye-eyelid friction and lessens tear evaporation.

We aren’t telling you to ditch your glam kit and go au naturel, but when you do wear makeup, make sure to give your eyes some extra TLC. Try to avoid applying makeup to the inner portion of the lash line, where it can clog your oil glands or irritate your eyes. And make sure to thoroughly remove your eye makeup before going to sleep, as sleeping with eye makeup can also lead to eye irritation and even infection.

2. Hormonal Changes

From puberty to pregnancy and menopause, women’s hormones are constantly changing. All those surges and dips in estrogen can affect your eyes, especially when it comes to dry eye syndrome. Some women even experience dry eyes at certain times of the month, when estrogen levels rise.

Women also produce androgens, also known as “male hormones,” which affect the quality of the tear film. In fact, both men and women who have low androgens may suffer from DES.

Women over the age of 50 who take hormone replacement therapy (HRT) are at a heightened risk of developing dry eye symptoms. About 4 out of 10 post-menopausal women in North America use HRT to manage symptoms of menopause. Women increase their chances of developing DES by 70% when using estrogen alone for HRT, and by 29% when estrogen and progesterone are used together, compared to women who don’t use HRT.

3. Certain Medications

Because women are more likely than men to take both prescription and over-the-counter medications, they are also more prone to experience adverse effects from those medications. The common medications that often cause or exacerbate symptoms of DES include:

  • Antihistamines
  • Corticosteroids
  • Antidepressants
  • Antipsychotics
  • Acne medications
  • Sleeping pills
  • Birth control pills
  • Blood pressure medications

DES can be uncomfortable at the very least, and debilitating at its worst. The good news is that you can get the relief you seek! At Silicon Valley Eye Physicians, we provide long-lasting relief to patients suffering from dry eye syndrome by targeting the root of the problem.

If you or a loved one is suffering from dry eyes, call Silicon Valley Eye Physicians today.

Silicon Valley Eye Physicians provides dry eye relief to patients from Sunnyvale, Los Altos, Mountain View, Cupertino, and throughout California.

 

Frequently Asked Questions with Our Dry Eye Doctor in Sunnyvale

Q: Can I treat my dry eye symptoms at home?

  • A: While there are over-the-counter options available at your local drugstore, you should seek treatment from a dry eye optometrist for the most effective and long-lasting results. Generic dry eye remedies may not target the underlying source of your specific problem.

Q: Can women with dry eye syndrome still wear eye makeup?

  • A: Women with moderate-to-severe DES may find conventional makeup irritating. Try choosing makeup that is hypoallergenic, cream-based (instead of powder), and has a low water content. Thorough makeup removal is crucial for everyone— all the more so for those suffering from DES. So make sure you remove every bit of eyeliner, eyeshadow, and mascara before bed.


 

Request A Dry Eye Appointment
Do You Think You Have Dry Eye? Call 408-739-6200

My Eyes Feel Gritty. Is It Dry Eye?

something in my eyeWhen your eyes feel gritty it’s often due to an eyelash, a speck of dust, or a grain of sand getting caught in your eye. When this discomfort persists without an apparent reason, you could be experiencing dry eye.

Left untreated, dry eye isn’t just uncomfortable, but it can permanently damage your cornea. If you have dry eye, your eye doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment to keep your eyes healthy and your vision clear.

What is Dry Eye?

Dry eye is a common problem caused either by insufficient tears or poor tear quality. Every time you blink, you leave a thin film of tears over the surface of your eyes. This helps keep your eyes healthy and your vision clear. If your tears don’t keep the surface of your eye moist enough, you will experience dry eye.

Symptoms of dry eye include:

  • Irritation- a gritty, scratchy or burning sensation
  • Blurred vision
  • Excessive tearing
  • A feeling of something being stuck in the eye

Causes of Dry Eye

There are many things that can cause dry eye:

  • Allergies
  • Medical conditions – Dry eye is more common in people with rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid problems, Sjogren’s syndrome, diabetes and several other conditions.
  • Environmental factors – Wind, smoke, and dry air can all cause your tears to evaporate.
  • Insufficient blinking – staring at a computer screen or a book for long periods of time can cause the eyes to blink less frequently.
  • Medications – Antidepressants, antihistamines, blood pressure medications, and decongestants can cause a reduction in tear production.
  • Ageing – As people get older they are more prone to dry eye. Women tend to be more affected than men.
  • Eyelid Conditions – Insufficient oil production from the glands in the eyelids or misshapen eyelids can lead to poor tear quality.
  • Hormonal changes

Relief from Dry Eye

As with any other form of eye discomfort, your first stop should be your eye doctor, who will thoroughly examine your eyes and eyelids to identify the underlying problem. If dry eye is suspected, your doctor may decide to assess the quality and quantity of your tears.

Depending on the exact cause of your dry eye, your doctor may prescribe artificial tears or prescription eye drops, or discuss a range of in-office procedures to address moderate to severe dry eye caused by your eyelids. Your eye doctor may also recommend wrap-around glasses to protect your eyes against irritants. Blinking more regularly, staying hydrated, and placing a humidifier in your home or office might also help.

After your initial appointment, you will want to schedule a follow-up appointment to make sure the methods you have tried are working and to prevent the progression to advanced dry eye. Advanced dry eye can cause damage to your cornea and, potentially, vision loss.


If you are experiencing eye discomfort, visit Silicon Valley Eye Physicians to have your eyes examined and receive effective, lasting treatment.

Silicon Valley Eye Physicians serves patients from Sunnyvale, Los Altos, Mountain View, and Cupertino, all throughout California.

Request A Dry Eye Appointment
Do You Think You Have Dry Eye? Call 408-739-6200
Frequently Asked Questions with Silicon Valley Eye Physicians

Q: Can you request lenses made from glass? Is glass still used for lenses?

  • A: Opticians still sometimes use glass for lenses. However, glass is not used very often because they aren’t as safe. If these glass lenses breaks, they can shatters into many pieces and can injure the eye. Glass lenses are much heavier than plastic lenses, so they can make your eyeglasses less comfortable to wear.

Q: Can a coating be added to eyeglasses to protect them from further scratches?

  • A: A protective coating can’t be added to a lens after it’s scratched. The coating is applied when the lens is manufactured and can’t be put on later.

Quality Frames For Prescription Eyeglasses & Computer Glasses In Sunnyvale, California. Visit Silicon Valley Eye Physicians for an eye exam and eyeglasses that match your style.

When Does Dry Eye Disease Become a Problem?

It used to be dry eye disease (DED) was only regarded as a medical problem when the patient was female and over 40 years old. Other high risk populations included contact lens wearers and people taking specific medications. Not long ago, people who spend prolonged periods using a computer joined the list of those-at-risk of dry eye syndrome.

Now, we’re facing a whole new reality. In today’s world, almost everyone – from school-aged kids and up – has suffered from some degree of dry eye at some point. In fact, many people believe that red, irritated eyes are the normal, inevitable effects of computer use.

Dry Eye Can Be Prevented

It’s time to debunk the myth that dry eye is unavoidable. When a patient visits their eye doctor, the following issues should be discussed:

  • How many hours a day do you use digital devices?
  • How many monitors do you have? At what angle should monitors be positioned from the face?
  • How long does it take before you feel your contact lenses most days?
  • What medications do you take?
  • Do you have fans installed at home or near your desk at work?

Once the eye doctor better understands you and your lifestyle, the easier it is to intervene, prevent and treat dry eye symptoms. For example, eye doctors can advise you on optimizing the following:

  • Environment: You need an eye health and vision-friendly setting at home, school and work.
  • Diet: We are what we eat, and that includes the eyes! There are many vitamins that benefit the tear film and help prevent high-energy visible light from damaging delicate eye tissues.
  • Hygiene: Regular cleansing of eyelids and responsible makeup removal can help you avoid dry eye disease.
  • Eye exams: Everyone should visit an eye care provider yearly for comprehensive eye exams.

Dry eye disease can strike at any age. When left untreated, it can lead to even more serious problems in the future. Fortunately, there are plenty of ways to help prevent, treat and alleviate this painful condition.

At Silicon Valley Eye Physicians, we put your family’s needs first. Talk to us about how we can help you maintain healthy vision. Call us today: 408-739-6200 or book an appointment online to see one of our Sunnyvale eye doctors.

Want to Learn More? Read on!

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